Contents > Chapter 3: Pantheism, Wahdat al-Wajood or Moksha > Creation is only the manifestation of the Creator


 

Creation is only the manifestation of the Creator

From “The Religion of the Hindus,”[1] “Faith in the existence of one spiritual reality, generally conceived as a personal god, belief in the laws of karma and the transmigration of souls are the most important elements in the Hindu religious thought. An intelligent Hindu thinks of god, as residing within himself, controlling all his actions as the ‘Inner Controller,’ and at the same time god is outside him, manifest in innumerable ways, known and unknown.

 

Though the Vedic hymns are addressed to various gods, the Vedic seekers in their search, very soon discover that there is one Supreme Spirit of which the various gods worshiped by men are only partial manifestations. There is a Vedic passage which is often quoted in support of this statement, ‘Reality is one; sages speak of it in different ways.’

 

This idea that every god whom men worship is the embodiment of a limited ideal and that he is the symbol of one aspect of the Absolute, has persisted down the ages and, in fact, is one of the most fundamental characteristics of Hinduism. It is this idea, which makes Hinduism the most tolerant of religions.”[2]

 

Comments: Whenever the idea of a ‘Single Existence’ or Wahdat al-Wajood is presented, an explanation will inevitably be sought about the existence of things other than God, for example, human beings, animals, trees, mountains, etc. The Hindus say, “god is outside him and manifest in innumerable ways”, and this is similar to what Haji Imdadullah Makki says, “A question may be raised… that, since there is none other than Allah, what are these Hawatith[3]? The answer is thus. ‘Lahul Asma al-Husna’ - meaning that all are the ‘Madhahar’ (points of manifestation) of Him.[4] Thus, both the Sufis and the Hindus give the same explanation.


[1] A well researched work on Hinduism by Kenneth W. Morgan. This work, aided by seven leading and orthodox Hindu scholars was basically aimed at explaining Hinduism to those who are unfamiliar to India, its religions and its cultures.

[2] This is also what makes the Soofis as tolerant as the Hindus, as Ibn Arabi says, “A Soofi; the person with complete understanding is he who sees every object of worship to be a manifestation of Truth (Allah) contained therein, for which it is worshiped. Therefore, they all call it a god, along with its particular name, whether it is a rock, or a tree, or an animal, or a person, or a star, or an angel.” [Al-Fusoos (1/195)]

[3] Hawatith : Things that do not exist originally, but come into existence later.

[4] Madhahar : The point of manifestation. Here it means that the creatures are nothing but the visible manifestations of Allaah. Just like Allaah’s Asmaa al-Husnaa (names) are not other than Him, similarly these Hawadith are not other than Him.