Contents > Chapter 3: Pantheism, Wahdat al-Wajood or Moksha > Introduction of Tawheed al-Wujoodi or Wahdat al-Wajood


After an explanation of the Islamic Concept of Tawheed, we come to
the Tawheed of the Sufis or Tawheed al-Wujoodi or Wahdat al-Wajood.


Wahdat al-Wajood is a concept based upon the idea that nothing exists other than Allah, and creation is merely the manifestation of Allah. This implies that the creation is Allah, and Allah does not exist outside the creation. Haji Imdadullah Muhajir Makki, the spiritual guide of the most prominent Deobandis, explains Wahdat al-Wajood in a booklet by the same name, with an example of a seed and a tree. He states that the seed is Allah and the creation is the tree with its stem, roots, branches and leaves. Initially, only the seed was present, and the entire huge tree was hidden in the small seed. When the plant grew into a massive tree, the seed disappeared. The seed is now manifest in this huge tree and does not have an existence outside of it.


The Sufis consider the realization of Wahdat al-Wajood to be a matter of great wisdom. According to them, Tawheed (lit. making one) is a complete denial of existence for everything other than Allah, as explained by the Deobandis in ‘Irshaadul Mulook’ and ‘Ikhmaalush Shiyaam’, “The root of Tawheed is the negation of the non-existent and transitory things and the confirmation of the everlasting thing.”[1] “A concept which posits true existence for any being other than Allah is Shirk in Divine Attribute of Existence (Wajood).”[2]


The Sufis consider this type of Tawheed to be suitable only for the ‘Spiritually Elite’, and claim that only those who have reached the ‘stage’ due to excessive penance and Dhikr are able to comprehend Wahdat al-Wajood. But in reality, Wahdat al-Wajood is based upon…

  • Ignorance of the correct way to love and fear Allah.

  • Exaggeration in beliefs formed upon baseless principles.

  • Total disregard for acquiring and learning Aqeedah (beliefs) from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.

[1] Irshaadul-Mulook (Eng. Trans.) p.152.

[2] Ikhmaalush-Shiyaam (Eng. Trans.) p.219.