Contents > Chapter 3: Pantheism, Wahdat al-Wajood or Moksha > Wahdat ash-Shuhood


Wahdat ash-Shuhood

Backing down from the extreme concept of Wahdat al-Wajood was the later innovated concept of Wahdat as-Shuhood. The Majlis ul-Ulema, the Deobandi lobby of South Africa, describes the believer in Wahdat ash-Shuhood as, a high ranking Wali whose soul dwells in a lofty state of Divine Presence and Perception.[1]


From Irshaadul-Mulook, “To the Sufiya, the true Tawheed means the abandonment of every Tawheed during the state of Tawheed because any focus of the attention of any being other than Allah is within the scope of Tashbeeh (comparison).”[2]


This concept implies that the creation exists, but due to the Sufi’s complete concentration upon Allah, the creation becomes oblivious to him. This concept just serves one purpose and that is to make excuses for the previous Sufis and their open statements of Kufr. Otherwise, this concept is too as baseless as Wahdat al-Wajood. The best and the most perfect worshiper of Allah – Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) - did not experience Wahdat al-Wajood or Wahdat ash-Shuhood.

What the Sufis experience in the form of hallucinations or imaginations is due to the excessive physical abuse of their bodies and Shaytaan’s taking advantage of their venerable state of mind weakened due to starvation, anxiety and wandering in the wilderness.

[1] Mashaikh-e-Chist (Eng. Trans.) p.192.

[2] Irshaadul-Mulook (Eng. Trans.) pp. 155.