Contents > Chapter 3: Pantheism, Wahdat al-Wajood or Moksha > Refutation of Wahdat al-Wajood in light of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (1)


Refutation of Wahdat al-Wajood in light of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah

The clear belief of Allah’s being upon his Throne is itself a refutation of Wahdat al-Wajood and those who say, ‘Allah is everywhere.’


(A) Numerous Qur’aanic verses state that Allah, the Exalted is above His Arsh (Throne) in a manner that befits His Majesty and Glory. Allah says: “Your Rabb (Lord) is Allah, Who created the Heavens and the earth in six days and then rose above His Arsh (Throne), He manages all things.”[1] Additional six similar verses are found in the Qur’aan. Numerous verses in every Soorah also indicate the same, from amongst them are, “He is irresistible, above His slaves, and He is the All-Wise, Well-Acquainted with all things.”[2] “To Him ascend (all) the good words, and the righteous deeds exalt them.”[3]


(B) Numerous Ahaadeeth of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) clearly prove that Allah, the Exalted, is above his Throne and not among His creation in essence.


1. Muawiyah Ibn al-Hakam (radhi allahu anhu) said: “I had a servant girl, who used to tend my sheep in the area of mount Uhud.... One day, I came to see them only to find out that a wolf had made off with a sheep from her flock... (for which) ...I gave her a terrible slap in her face. When I came to Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) with the story, he considered it to be a grave thing for me to have done so. I said: “O Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), couldn’t I free her?” He replied: “Bring her to me.” So I brought her. He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) then asked her: “Where is Allah?” She replied: “Above the Sky.” He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) then asked her: “Who am I?” and she replied: “You are Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam).” So, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Free her for she is a true believer.”[4]


2. Abu Saeed al-Khudree (radhi allahu anhu) reports that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Do you not trust me, and I am the trustworthy servant of Him, Who is above the sky. The news of the Heaven comes to me in the morning and in the evening.”[5]


3. Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) reported: “The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “When Allah completed the creation, He Wrote in a Book (which He kept) with Him above His Throne: “Verily, My Mercy precedes My Anger.”[6]


4. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Every night when it is the last third of the night, our Lord, the Superior, the Blessed, descends to the nearest Heaven and says: ‘Is there anyone to invoke Me so that I may respond to his invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone asking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?’”[7]


5. It is mentioned in Saheeh al-Bukharee, the wife of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), Zaynab bint Jaysh (radhi allahu anha) used to boast to the other wives of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) that their families gave them away in marriage to the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), while Allah from above the Seven Heavens gave her away in marriage.”[8]

[1] Soorah Yunus (10): 3-4.

[2] Soorah al-An’aam (6): 18.

[3] Soorah Faatir (35): 10.

[4] Saheeh Muslim (Eng. Trans.) vol. 1, p.271-272, no.1094.

[5] Saheeh al-Bukharee (Eng. Trans.) vol. 8, no: 67, and Saheeh Muslim (Eng. Trans.) vol. 2, no: 742.

[6] Saheeh al-Bukharee  (Eng. Trans.) vol.9, p.382-383, no.518) and Saheeh Muslim (Eng. Trans.) vol.4, p.1437, no.6628)

[7] Saheeh al-Bukharee vol: 9, no: 586 and Muwatta no: 15/30. Transmitted in Sharh as-Sunnah at-Tirmidhee no: 2601.

[8] Saheeh al-Bukharee (Eng. Trans.) vol. 9, p.382, no: 517.