Contents > Chapter 7: Waseelah > Deobandis are in Clear Opposition to the Aqeedah (Belief) of Imam Abu Haneefah


 

Deobandis are in Clear Opposition to the Aqeedah (Belief) of Imam Abu Haneefah

Moulana Zakariyah encourages people to seek the intercession of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) and says in Fazaail-e-Hajj (p.151) “After greeting the Prophet, pray to Allah through the name of the Messenger of Allah. Beg the intercession of Allah’s Messenger. Many learned ones consider it prohibited to accept Waseelah.”[1]

 

Imam Abu Haneefah is among the ‘many learned ones’ mentioned by Moulana Zakariyah as those who prohibit the innovative form of Waseelah of asking Allah by honor or virtue of the righteous.

 

The Proof[2]

It occurs in Durrul-Mukhtar (a famous book on Hanafee Fiqh) (2/630), ‘From Abu Haneefah: “It is not fitting at all that anyone should supplicate to Allah except by Him (Allah), and using such supplications have been permitted and ordered in the like of the Saying of Allah, the Most High, “And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah, so call upon Him by them.”

 

Its like is also found in al-Fatawa al-Hindiyyah (5/280), and al-Qudooree[3] said in his large book of Fiqh called Sharahul-Kharkhee in the chapter of detested matters: “Bishr Ibn al-Waleed said: ‘Abu Yusuf (one of the main students of Imam Abu Haneefah) narrated to us that Abu Haneefah said: ‘It is not right that anyone should supplicate to Allah except by Him, and I hate that anyone should say: ‘By the right of so and so’ or ‘By the right of your Prophets and Messengers’ or ‘By the right of your sacred house and the sacred area (of Muzdalifah).”[4]

Az-Zubaydee says in Sharah-Ihyaa (2/285): “Abu Haneefah and his two companions hated that a person should say, ‘I ask You by the right of so and so’ or ‘By the right of Your Prophets and Messengers’ or ‘By the right of the sacred house and sacred area (of Muzdalifah)’ and the like, since no one has any right upon Allah. Likewise, Abu Haneefah and Mohammed Ibn Hasan ash-Shaybanee[5] hated that a person who made supplication should say: ‘O Allah I ask you by the glory of Your Throne.’”

 

Al-Qudooree also said: “Asking Him by His creation is not allowed since the creation had no right over the Creator, therefore it cannot be allowed.”[6]

 

From these quotes it is clearly seen that Imam Abu Haneefah and his students hated the kind of Waseelah that the Deobandis promote enthusiastically.

 

The Deobandis claim to be staunch Hanafees and oblige a Hanafee to follow the Madhhab of the Imam in every aspect of the religion, lest it is feared that he may loose his religion. [7]  Yet, they completely ignore the teachings of Imam Abu Haneefah on Waseelah.

 

Mufti Abdur Rahim Lajpuri , the prominent Deobandi scholar and author of Fatawa Rahimiyyah, refutes the very saying of Imam Abu Haneefah, “I hate that anyone should say: ‘By the right of so and so’ or ‘By the right of your Prophets and Messengers’ or…”

 

He (Mufti Abdur Rahim Lajpuri) says, “(to say) O Allah! For the right of such and such! (Ilahi Behaq-e-fulan!) is proper. Some divines have dissented from the word ‘Bahaqq-e’ and have argued on the basis of the saying, ‘The creatures have no right upon the Creator.’ But this is not correct.”[8]

 

The Deobandis thus refute the correct beliefs of their Imam, though they dare not mention his name, rather say: “Many learned ones consider it prohibited…” or “Some divines have dissented from the word…” as in the statements of both, Moulana Zakariyah and Mufti Abdur Rahim Lajpuri.


[1] Fazaail-e-Aamaal, (Eng. Trans.), Virtues of Hajj Chapter.9, p.151, no.32, (New Edition 1982, Published by Dini Book Depot - Delhi)

[2] Taken from the book “Tawassul - its types and its rulings” by the leading Hadeeth scholar of our times, Shaikh Naasiruddeen al-Albanee. Pgs.45-47.

[3] He is Abu Hasan Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ja’far Ibn Hamdan, the scholar of Fiqh and he was the teacher of al-Khateebul-Baghdaadee. He was born in 362H and died in 428H.

[4] Also See, Sharah Aqeedah at-Tahawiyah, p.237.

[5] He too is among the prominent students of Imaam Abu Haneefah.

[6] Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah reports this in al-Qaa’idatul-Jalijjah.

[7] It has been mentioned in Kitabul-Imaan that: “Belief in the Islamic concept of Taqleed is essential for the protection of Eemaan. Without Taqleed, one cannot obtain a true understanding of Eemaan and Islam. The concept of Taqleed (to follow a particular Madhhab) is an obligatory injunction of the Sharee’ah… Anyone searching for the Haqq, for guidance and for the Sunnah beyond the confines of these four Madhaahib (plural of Madhhab) is bound to plod the path of deviation at the peril of his Eemaan… When a person switches from one Madhhab to another Madhhab, he shall be inflicted with Ta’zeer. [Ta’zeer refers to punishment meted out by an Islamic court. Such punishment may either be flogging or imprisonment.]… Strict adherence to a particular Madhhab is an essential requirement of the Sharee’ah… Trifling therewith by flitting from one Madhhab to another spell the ultimate ruin of one’s Imaan. [Kitabul Imaan, p.72-74]

[8] Fatawa Rahimiyyah (Eng. Trans.) vol.3 pg. 5.