Contents > Chapter 9: Knowledge of the Ghayb (Unseen) > Conclusion



“Allah will not leave the believers in this state in which you are not, until He distinguishes the wicked from good. Nor will Allah disclose to you the secrets of the Unseen but Allah chooses Messengers whom He wills.”[1]


Allah Alone is the Knower of the Unseen. He grants some of this Knowledge to His Messengers (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) who are the conveyer of glad tidings, and warners of Allah’s Punishment. The Sahabah contended themselves to the clear and accurate information that they received about the issues of the Unseen from Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam). It was for disbelievers like sorcerers and fortune-tellers to seek after the Ghayb using corrupt means and trying to futilely predict the future, inquire of hidden events, and unravel the secrets of the hearts. But what they acquired was not even close to the knowledge given by the Messenger, and was nothing more than conjecture, confusion and lies. As in the story of Ibn Saiyad, when Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said to him, “I am concealing something from you.” Ibn Saiyad replied that it was ad-Dhukh (the smoke).” The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) rebuked him saying: “Be off with you. You cannot get further than your rank.”[2]


Whilst the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) was concealing the verse of the Qur’aan, [of Soorah ad-Dhukhan (44): 10], all Ibn Saiyad could say was smoke. This shows that even if one tries with the help of the Shayateen to find out the secrets of the heart, he will be far away from the truth.


The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) did not hide the knowledge given to him, nor did he disclose it only to ‘the chosen few ones.’[3]  With his death however, the guidance and accurate information that was being received about the religion came to an end. True dreams and ilaam continue to be a means of glad tiding, assistance and hope. But they are not accurate and independent sources of information like the revelation received by the Messengers. The religion of Allah is complete and perfect, and Allah does not reveal religious injunctions or poetry either through dreams or ilhaam.


The mystery that surrounds the issue of dreams and Ilham is misused to the utmost by the Deobandis, who use them as a basis for claiming Allah’s approval for their school of thought, their incorrect beliefs and their innovative practices. By means of ‘Bestowed Knowledge’, ‘Tawajjuh’, ‘Tasawwur-e-Shaikh’ and ‘Kashf’, the Deobandis claim access to knowledge that is not available through normal means. They use this claim to prove the superiority and greater wisdom of their Sufi Shaikhs and Majzoobs. This knowledge also becomes the justification for actions that are openly at odds with the Sharee’ah.


Nothing that the Deobandis can bring from the Karamat of the Sahabah or anything else can help them justify their gross exaggerations in praising their Shaikhs. They bring the example of Umar (radhi allahu anhu) when he called upon the Sahabi Sariya to alert him of the enemy from miles away to prove the existence of Kashf, and they then claim for their scholars Kashf of the Paradise and Hell fire, the graves, the hearts and the matters between Allah and His servants.


Finally, the Deobandis crossed all boundaries by accepting the extremely misguided belief of the Sufis that some of their insane and hermits can directly communicate with Allah. In this regard, Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah writes in his book, ‘Al-Furqaan bayna Awliya ar-Rahmaan wa-Awliya ash-Shaytaan’ on page, 20: “Faith also includes belief that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) is the intermediary between Allah and His creation for the purpose of delivering His orders and forbiddance, His promises and threats, and the definition of Halaal and Haraam. The Halaal is that which Allah and His Prophet have declared Halaal, and the Haraam is that which Allah and His Prophet have ordained. Thus, whoever believes that any Wali (Awliya) has any way to Allah without following Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) is a Kafir, and is an ally of the devil.”


As for Allah’s creating of the creation, and His providing them with sustenance, and His answering their supplications, His guiding of their hearts. His aiding them over their enemies, and all other types of bringing about benefits, or driving away harm; all of this is from Allah Alone. He does these things, and links them to whatever (observable) causes He wishes. The intermediation of Prophets does not enter into these realms.”

[1] Soorah aali-Imran (3): 179.

[2] Saheeh al- Bukharee (vol: 2, no: 437).

[3] Abu Tufayl Aamir Ibn Waathilah (radhi allahu anhu) said: ‘I was with Alee Ibn Abee Talib (radhi allahu anhu) when a man came to him and asked, “What private information did the Prophet give to you?” So, he became angry and said, “The Prophet never used to tell me anything privately which he hid from the people, but he did tell me four things?” So the man inquired, “So what are they, O Chief of Believers?” He replied, “He (the Prophet) said, “May Allah’s curse be upon the one who curses his father; May Allah’s curse be upon the one who sacrifices for other than Allah; May Allah’s curse be upon one who accommodates an innovator; and May Allah’s curse be upon the one who tampers with boundary posts of the land.” [Saheeh Muslim (Eng. Trans.) vol.3, p.1093, no.4876]

The Prophet’s wife, Aa’ishah (radhi allahu anha) said: “.... whoever tells you that he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) concealed (some of Allah’s orders), is a liar.” Then she recited: “O Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)! Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent down to you from your Lord...” [Soorah al-Maidah (5): 67 – See Saheeh al-Bukharee (Eng. Trans.) vol. 6, no.378.]