Contents > Introduction


 

Bismillah ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem

 

Introduction

 

Allah, the Exalted, placed humans in this world for a very great and important purpose, which He loves and is pleased with, and it is the worship of Allah alone. Allah says: “I did not create Jinn and mankind except for My worship.”[1]

 

It is from the Mercy of Allah that He has blessed us with intellect, which distinguishes mankind from the rest of His creation. But He, the All-Wise and Most Merciful, did not leave us to rely upon our intellect alone in order to distinguish the good from evil. He sent Messengers (alaihi as-salaam) and revealed Divine Books explaining the prescribed and prohibitions. Allah ended and completed the succession of Messengers with our Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), who did not leave anything which could bring us closer to Allah, except that he informed us about it. And he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) did not leave anything that could cause us to enter Hell-Fire, except that he warned us about it. Allah mentions him (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) in the Qur’aan saying: “Certainly, there has come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He is anxious over you (to be rightly guided, to repent to Allah and get your sins forgiven, so that you may enter Paradise and be saved from the Hell-fire) and for the believers (he is) full of pity and mercy.”[2]

 

As part of his Prophet-hood, Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) has also informed us about the trials, which will afflict the Ummah. And the only intelligent course of action is to protect one’s Eemaan and Aqeedah from those pitfalls that Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) warned us about…

 

1. Shirk - Associating partners with Allah

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “I have been sent before the Hour, so that Allah Alone should be worshiped without the association of partners with Him, and my provision has been placed under the shade of my spear, and subservience and humiliation have been placed upon those who disobey my orders, and whoever imitates a people, then he is one of them.”[3]

 

2. Ignorance of the Religion of Allah

Narrated Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn al-Aas (radhi allahu anhu): “I heard Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) saying: “Allah does not take away the knowledge by taking it away from (the hearts of) the people, but He takes it away by the death of the scholars till when none of the (scholars) remains, people will take as their leaders ignorant persons who when consulted will give their verdict without knowledge. So, they will go astray and will lead the people astray.”[4]

 

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) knew that the only defense from the temptations of Shaytaan and his evil traps is the correct Islamic Knowledge therefore, he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Seeking Knowledge is obligatory on every Muslim.”[5]

 

He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) encouraged his followers to seek the knowledge, saying: “He who treads a path in search of knowledge, Allah will direct him to tread a path from the paths of Paradise.” And “…Verily the knowledgeable are the heirs of the Prophets, who leave behind neither Deenaar nor Dirham. They only leave knowledge as their heritage; so whoever acquires it, acquires a great fortune.”[6]

3. Innovations in Beliefs and Worship

He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “There was not a Prophet sent to a people before me, except that he had helpers and companions who took hold of his Sunnah and followed his orders, then after them came those who said that which they (the Prophets) did not do, and did what they were not ordered...”[7]

 

Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) strictly warned against innovating in the religion. Jabir Ibn Abdullah (radhi allahu anhu) said: “When Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) gave a Khutbah (sermon), his eyes reddened, his voice raised, and his anger grew... and he would say: “...Indeed, the best speech is the Book of Allah and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), and the worst of affairs are the newly invented matters, and every innovation is misguidance.”[8]

 

Ibn Umar (radhi allahu anhuma) said: “Every innovation is misguidance, even if people consider it to be good.”[9]

 

4. Disunity and Division into sects

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Indeed, Shaytaan has despaired that those who pray should worship (him) in the Arabian peninsular, however (he seeks) to provoke animosity between them.”[10]

 

Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Indeed, the people of the Book before you split into seventy-two sects. And this nation will split into seventy-three sects, seventy-two are in the Fire and one in Paradise.” And in another narration, “All are in the Fire except one.” It was asked: Who is that one? He replied, “That which I and my Companions are upon”[11]

 

5. Imitation of the Kuffar (disbelievers)

Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “You will follow the ways of the people who came before you (exactly), so that were they to enter a lizard’s hole, you too would enter it.” We (the Sahabah) asked: “O Messenger of Allah! Is it the Jews and Christians?” He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Who else?”[12]

 

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) strictly prohibited his Ummah from imitating the Kuffar in all affairs, whether it be the creed (Aqeedah), celebrations, worship or moral behavior. He said: “Whoever resembles a people, he is one of them.”[13]

 

It was the way of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) to act differently from the Kuffar. The Jews avoided eating with women during their menstruation period. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Do everything else, apart from sexual intercourse (with your wives)”. Upon hearing this, the Jews exclaimed: “This man [i.e. the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)] does not want to leave anything we do without opposing us in it!”[14]

 

Narrated Aa’ishah (radhi allahu anha), ‘When the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) was about to breathe his last, he drew his sheet upon his face and when he felt uneasy, he uncovered his face and said in this very state, “May Allah’s curse be upon the Jews and Christians for taking the graves of their Prophets as places of worship” Aa’ishah (radhi allahu anha) added: “He, in fact, warned (his men) against what they (the Jews and Christians) did.”[15]

 

This Hadeeth shows the gravity of imitating the Kuffar that Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) warned his nation from it, even on his deathbed.

 

6. Extremism in the Religion:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Leave me as I leave you, for the people who were before you were ruined because of their questions and their differences over their prophets. So, if I forbid you to do something, then keep away from it. And if I order you to do something, then do it as much as you can.”[16]

 

He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) also said: “Do not be severe upon yourselves or Allah will be severe upon you. Certain folk were severe upon themselves and Allah was severe upon them. Their survivors are to be found in cells and monasteries.” (Then he recited the verse): “Monasticism they invented for themselves, We did not prescribe it for them.”[17]  [18]

 

7. Attributing lies to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)

Abdullah Ibn Masoud (radhi allahu anhu) reported on the authority of his father, that Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “He, who deliberately attributes a lie to me, let him take his seat in the Hell-Fire.”[19]

 

The Only Solution

The only solution to all these trials mentioned by Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) is to strictly adhere to the guidance of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah. Allah says: “It is He, Who has sent His Messenger with the guidance and the religion of truth, to make it prevail over all religions….”[20]

 

The Deen (religion) as revealed to Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) is the most complete and comprehensive way, which leaves no room for anyone to introduce anything new, or remove anything from it. The very meaning of the word ‘guidance’ negates deviation and all connotations. Likewise, the phrase, ‘religion of truth’ negates every false religion, which Allah is not pleased with. Therefore, Allah said: “This day, I have perfected your religion, and completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.”[21]

 

May Allah guide those who believe that the Qur’aan and the Sunnah are beyond the comprehension of the common Muslims. Those who put substantial efforts in preserving fables and stories of their saints and elders, whilst they discourage referring to, and reading books of authentic Hadeeth.

 

Allah says in the Qur’aan, “Indeed, Allah conferred a great favor upon the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)) from among themselves, reciting unto them His Verses, and purifying them and teaching them the Book (the Qur’aan) and the Wisdom (the Sunnah), while before that they had been in manifest error.”[22]

 

Only the Qur’aan and the Sunnah will give you the Straight Path, protect you from pitfalls and reach you to your final destination. This is because if you follow them and mold your lives to the truths, values and principles found in them - only then you would be worshiping Allah in the way He wants you to worship him. By doing so, you would mirror the Islam that was practiced by Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) and those who were able to establish it under his leadership. We leave you with the words of Ibn Aun, who said: “There are three things that I love for myself and for my brothers (in Islam)...

 

‘SO GIVE THE SUNNAH A CHANCE, YOU OWE THIS TO YOURSELF!’

 


[1] Soorah adh-Dhariyat (51): 56

[2] Soorah at-Tawbah (9): 128

[3] Musnad Imam Ahmad bin Hambal, no.5114.

[4] Saheeh al-Bukharee vol: 1, no: 100.

[5] Collected by al-Bayhaqee in Shu’ab al-Eemaan.

[6] Sunan Abu Dawood (Eng. Trans.) vol.3, p.1034, no.3634, Sunan Ibn Majah (Eng. Trans.) vol.1, p.126, no.223 and Musnad Ahmad bin Hambal and authenticated by Shaikh al-Albanee in Saheeh Sunan Abu Dawood no.3096.

[7] Saheeh Muslim (Eng. Trans.) vol.1, p.34, no.81.

[8] Saheeh Muslim (Eng. Trans.) vol. 2, p.410, no. 1885. Also a saheeh (authentic) narration contains an additional phrase: “And all misguidance is in the Fire”, it has been authenticated by Shaikh al-Albanee in Saheeh Sunan an-Nasa’ee no.1487.

[9] Collected by Ibn Battah in Al-Ibaanah ‘an Usool ad-Diyaanah, vol.2, p.112, no.2 and al-Laalikaaee in As-Sunnah (2/36/1) and authenticated by Shaikh al-Albanee in Ahkaamul-Janaa’iz, p.258.

[10] Saheeh Muslim, vol.4, no.1471 no.6752

[11] Related by at-Tirmidhi (5/62) and al-Haakim (1/128). It has been authenticated by al-Haafidh al-Iraaqee in Takhreejul-Ihyaa (3/199) and al-Albaanee in as-Saheehah (no.204).

[12] Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim

[13] Musnad Ahmad vol. 2, no. 50. Authenticated by Shaikh al-Albanee in Saheeh al-Jami as-Sageer.

[14] Saheeh Muslim (Eng. Trans.) vol.1, p.175, no.592.

[15] Saheeh al-Bukharee (Eng. Trans.) vol.1, p.255, no.427, Saheeh Muslim (Eng. Trans.) vol.1, p.269, no.1082, Sunan Abu Dawood (Eng. Trans.) vol.2, p.917, no.3221, Sunan an-Nas’aee vol.1, no.115, ad-Daarmi vol.1, no.326, al-Baihaqee vol.4, no.80, and Musnad Ahmad vol.1, no.218.

[16] Saheeh al-Bukharee (Eng. Trans.) vol. 9, p.290, no: 391, Saheeh Muslim (Eng. Trans.) vol. 1, p.1256, no.5818 and Sunan Ibn Majah (Eng. Trans.) vol.1, p.1, no.2.

[17] Soorah al-Hadid (57): 27.

[18] Sunan Abu Dawood (Eng. Trans.) vol.3, p.1366, no.4886. Commenting about this Hadeeth, Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) says that since Abu Dawood mentions this Hadeeth in his Sunan without any comments, it must be (according to Abu Dawood) of the level of Hasan. This narration is, however, supported by other authentic Hadeeth. [Iqtidaa as-Siraat al-Mustakeem, (Eng. Trans.) p.264]

[19] Ibn Majah and authenticated by Shaikh al-Albanee in Saheeh Sunan Ibn Majah vol.1, p.7, no.12.

[20] Soorah at-Tawbah (9): 33.

[21] Soorah al-Maidah (5): 3.

[22] Soorah al-Imran (3):164

[23] See Saheeh al-Bukharee, vol.9, Chap.2, p.282